The movement Library for Lars https://valencia.lbsfilm.at/tag/robot/
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#include "LARS.h"
#include <Arduino.h>
/*
(servo index, pin to attach pwm)
__________ __________ _________________
|(3,9)_____)(1,8) (0,2)(______(2,3)|
|__| |left FRONT right| |__|
| |
| |
| |
_________ | | __________
|(7,7)_____)(5,6)______(4,4)(______(6,5)|
|__| |__|
*/
LARS::LARS(): reverse{0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0}, trim{0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0} {
}
void LARS::init(){
init(26, 25, 17, 16, 27, 5, 23, 13); // Calling init with default values
}
void LARS::init(int FRH, int FLH, int BRH, int BLH, int FRL, int FLL, int BRL, int BLL) {
board_pins[FRONT_RIGHT_HIP] = FRH; // front right inner
board_pins[FRONT_LEFT_HIP] = FLH; // front left inner
board_pins[BACK_RIGHT_HIP] = BRH; // back right inner
board_pins[BACK_LEFT_HIP] = BLH; // back left inner
board_pins[FRONT_RIGHT_LEG] = FRL; // front right outer
board_pins[FRONT_LEFT_LEG] = FLL; // front left outer // POSITIONS LOOKING FROM THE MIDDLE OF THE ROBOT!!!!!
board_pins[BACK_RIGHT_LEG] = BRL; // back right outer
board_pins[BACK_LEFT_LEG] = BLL; // back left outer
for (int i = 0; i < 8; i++) {
oscillator[i].start();
servo[i].attach(board_pins[i]);
}
home();
}
void LARS::turnR(float steps, float T = 600) {
//int x_amp = 15;
//int z_amp = 15;
int x_amp = 50;
int z_amp = 50;
int ap = 15;
int hi = 23;
//int hi = 0;
float period[] = {T, T, T, T, T, T, T, T};
int amplitude[] = {x_amp, x_amp, z_amp, z_amp, x_amp, x_amp, z_amp, z_amp};
int offset[] = {90 + ap, 90 - ap, 90 - hi, 90 + hi, 90 - ap, 90 + ap, 90 + hi, 90 - hi};
int phase[] = {0, 180, 90, 90, 180, 0, 90, 90};
execute(steps, period, amplitude, offset, phase);
}
void LARS::turnL(float steps, float T = 600) {
//int x_amp = 15;
//int z_amp = 15;
int x_amp = 50;
int z_amp = 50;
int ap = 15;
int hi = 23;
//int hi = 0;
float period[] = {T, T, T, T, T, T, T, T};
int amplitude[] = {x_amp, x_amp, z_amp, z_amp, x_amp, x_amp, z_amp, z_amp};
int offset[] = {90 + ap, 90 - ap, 90 - hi, 90 + hi, 90 - ap, 90 + ap, 90 + hi, 90 - hi};
int phase[] = {180, 0, 90, 90, 0, 180, 90, 90};
execute(steps, period, amplitude, offset, phase);
}
void LARS::dance(float steps, float T = 600) {
int x_amp = 0;
int z_amp = 40;
int ap = 30;
int hi = 0;
float period[] = {T, T, T, T, T, T, T, T};
int amplitude[] = {x_amp, x_amp, z_amp, z_amp, x_amp, x_amp, z_amp, z_amp};
int offset[] = {90 + ap, 90 - ap, 90 - hi, 90 + hi, 90 - ap, 90 + ap, 90 + hi, 90 - hi};
int phase[] = {0, 0, 0, 270, 0, 0, 90, 180};
execute(steps, period, amplitude, offset, phase);
}
void LARS::omniWalk(float steps, float T, bool side, float turn_factor) {
int x_amp = 15;
int z_amp = 15;
int ap = 15;
int hi = 23;
int front_x = 6 * (1 - pow(turn_factor, 2));
float period[] = {T, T, T, T, T, T, T, T};
int amplitude[] = {x_amp, x_amp, z_amp, z_amp, x_amp, x_amp, z_amp, z_amp};
int offset[] = { 90 + ap - front_x,
90 - ap + front_x,
90 - hi,
90 + hi,
90 - ap - front_x,
90 + ap + front_x,
90 + hi,
90 - hi
};
int phase[8];
if (side) {
int phase1[] = {0, 0, 90, 90, 180, 180, 90, 90};
int phase2R[] = {0, 180, 90, 90, 180, 0, 90, 90};
for (int i = 0; i < 8; i++)
phase[i] = phase1[i] * (1 - turn_factor) + phase2R[i] * turn_factor;
}
else {
int phase1[] = {0, 0, 90, 90, 180, 180, 90, 90};
int phase2L[] = {180, 0, 90, 90, 0, 180, 90, 90};
for (int i = 0; i < 8; i++)
phase[i] = phase1[i] * (1 - turn_factor) + phase2L[i] * turn_factor + oscillator[i].getPhaseProgress();
}
execute(steps, period, amplitude, offset, phase);
}
void LARS::moonwalk(float steps, float T = 5000) {
int z_amp = 45;
float period[] = {T, T, T, T, T, T, T, T};
int amplitude[] = {0, 0, z_amp, z_amp, 0, 0, z_amp, z_amp};
int offset[] = {90, 90, 90, 90, 90, 90, 90, 90};
int phase[] = {0, 0, 0, 120, 0, 0, 180, 290};
execute(steps, period, amplitude, offset, phase);
}
void LARS::walk(int dir, float steps, float T) {
int x_amp = 30;//15;
int x_amp_test = 50;
int z_amp = 20;
int z_amp_test = 50;
int ap = 20;
int hi = 0; //23;
//int hi = -10;
//int front_x = 12; // inner back, inner back , outer back, outer back, inner front , inner front, outer front , outer front
int front_x = 0;
float period[] ={T , T , T /2, T /2 , T , T , T / 2, T / 2}; //{T, T, T / 2, T / 2, T, T, T / 2, T / 2};
int amplitude[] = {x_amp, x_amp, z_amp_test, z_amp_test, x_amp, x_amp, z_amp_test, z_amp_test};
int offset[] = { 90 + ap - front_x,
90 - ap + front_x,
90 - hi +30,
90 + hi -30,
90 - ap - front_x,
90 + ap + front_x,
90 + hi -30,
90 - hi +30
/* 90,
90,
90,
90,
90,
90,
90,
90 */
};
//int phase[] = {90, 90, 270, 90, 270, 270, 90, 270};
int phase[] = {270, 270, 270, 90, 90, 90, 90, 270};
if (dir == 0) { //forward
phase[0] = phase[1] = 90;
phase[4] = phase[5] = 270;
}
for (int i = 0; i < 8; i++) {
oscillator[i].reset();
oscillator[i].setPeriod(period[i]);
oscillator[i].setAmplitude(amplitude[i]);
oscillator[i].setPhase(phase[i]);
oscillator[i].setOffset(offset[i]);
}
_final_time = millis() + period[0] * steps;
_init_time = millis();
bool side;
while (millis() < _final_time) {
side = (int)((millis() - _init_time) / (period[0] / 2)) % 2;
setServo(0, oscillator[0].refresh());
setServo(1, oscillator[1].refresh());
setServo(4, oscillator[4].refresh());
setServo(5, oscillator[5].refresh());
if (side == 0) {
setServo(3, oscillator[3].refresh());
setServo(6, oscillator[6].refresh());
}
else {
setServo(2, oscillator[2].refresh());
setServo(7, oscillator[7].refresh());
}
delay(1);
}
}
void LARS::upDown(float steps, float T = 5000) {
int x_amp = 0;
int z_amp = 35;
int ap = 20;
//int hi = 25;
int hi = 0;
int front_x = 0;
float period[] = {T, T, T, T, T, T, T, T};
int amplitude[] = {x_amp, x_amp, z_amp, z_amp, x_amp, x_amp, z_amp, z_amp};
int offset[] = { 90 + ap - front_x,
90 - ap + front_x,
90 - hi,
90 + hi,
90 - ap - front_x,
90 + ap + front_x,
90 + hi,
90 - hi
};
int phase[] = {0, 0, 90, 270, 180, 180, 270, 90};
execute(steps, period, amplitude, offset, phase);
}
void LARS::pushUp(float steps, float T = 600) {
int z_amp = 40;
int x_amp = 65;
int hi = 0;
int Position =60;
float period[] = {T, T, T, T, T, T, T, T};
int amplitude[] = {0, 0, z_amp, z_amp, 0, 0, 0, 0};
int offset[] = {90, 90, 90 - hi, 90 + hi, 90 - x_amp, 90 + x_amp, 90 + hi - Position, 90 - hi + Position};
int phase[] = {0, 0, 0, 180, 0, 0, 0, 180};
execute(steps, period, amplitude, offset, phase);
}
void LARS::hello() {
float seated[] = {90 + 15, 90 - 15, 90 - 65, 90 + 65, 90 + 20, 90 - 20, 90 + 10, 90 - 10};
moveServos(150, seated);
delay(200);
int z_amp = 40;
int x_amp = 60;
int T = 350;
float period[] = {T, T, T, T, T, T, T, T};
int amplitude[] = {0, 50, 0, 50, 0, 0, 0, 0};
int offset[] = {
90 + 15, 40,
90 - 10, 90 + 10,
90 + 20, 90 - 20,
90 + 65, 90
};
int phase[] = {0, 0, 0, 90, 0, 0, 0, 0};
execute(4, period, amplitude, offset, phase);
float goingUp[] = {160, 20, 90, 90, 90 - 20, 90 + 20, 90 + 10, 90 - 10};
moveServos(500, goingUp);
delay(200);
}
void LARS::wave(int legNumber){
int amplitude[] = { 0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0};
int offsetLeg[] = { 0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0};
int T = 350;
switch ( legNumber) {
case 1 : {
amplitude[1] = 60;
int offset[] = {
90-20 , 90-60,
90 , 90+70 ,
90 , 90+90 ,
90+140 , 90
};
memcpy ( &offsetLeg, &offset, sizeof(offset) );
break;
}
case 2 : {
amplitude[0] = 60;
int offset[] = {
90-20 , 90+20,
90-70 , 90 ,
90-60 , 90+90 ,
90 , 90 -70
};
memcpy ( &offsetLeg, &offset, sizeof(offset) );
break;
}
case 3 : {
amplitude[4] = 60;
int offset[] = {
90+40 , 90-60,
90 , 90+70 ,
90 , 90+0 ,
90+140 , 90
};
memcpy ( &offsetLeg, &offset, sizeof(offset) );
break;
}
case 4 : {
amplitude[5]= 90;
int offset[] = {
90-20 , 90-60,
90-70 , 90 ,
90+20 , 90+90 ,
90 , 90-70
};
memcpy ( &offsetLeg, &offset, sizeof(offset) );
break;
}
default :
if (debug) Serial.println("Error, leg does not exist");
break;
}
float period[] = {T, T, T, T, T, T, T, T};
int phase[] = {0, 0, 0, 90, 0, 0, 0, 0};
execute(3, period, amplitude, offsetLeg, phase);
delay (200);
}
void LARS::home() {
int ap = 20;
//int hi = 35;
int hi = 0;
int position[] = {90 + ap, 90 - ap, 90 - hi, 90 + hi, 90 - ap, 90 + ap, 90 + hi, 90 - hi};
for (int i = 0; i < 8; i++) {
if (position[i] + trim[i] <= 180 && position[i] + trim[i] > 0) {
setServo(i, position[i] + trim[i]);
}
}
}
void LARS::reverseServo(int id) {
if (reverse[id])
reverse[id] = 0;
else
reverse[id] = 1;
}
void LARS::setServo(int id, float target) {
if (!reverse[id])
servo[id].writeMicroseconds(angToUsec(target + trim[id]));
else
servo[id].writeMicroseconds(angToUsec(180 - (target + trim[id])));
_servo_position[id] = target + trim[id];
}
float LARS::getServo(int id) {
return _servo_position[id];
}
void LARS::moveServos(int time, float target[8]) {
if (time > 10) {
for (int i = 0; i < 8; i++) _increment[i] = (target[i] - _servo_position[i]) / (time / 10.0);
_final_time = millis() + time;
while (millis() < _final_time) {
_partial_time = millis() + 10;
for (int i = 0; i < 8; i++) setServo(i, _servo_position[i] + _increment[i]);
while (millis() < _partial_time); //pause
}
}
else {
for (int i = 0; i < 8; i++) setServo(i, target[i]);
}
for (int i = 0; i < 8; i++) _servo_position[i] = target[i];
}
void LARS::execute(float steps, float period[8], int amplitude[8], int offset[8], int phase[8]) {
for (int i = 0; i < 8; i++) {
oscillator[i].setPeriod(period[i]);
oscillator[i].setAmplitude(amplitude[i]);
oscillator[i].setPhase(phase[i]);
oscillator[i].setOffset(offset[i]);
}
unsigned long global_time = millis();
for (int i = 0; i < 8; i++) oscillator[i].setTime(global_time);
_final_time = millis() + period[0] * steps;
while (millis() < _final_time) {
for (int i = 0; i < 8; i++) {
setServo(i, oscillator[i].refresh());
}
yield();
}
}